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(AUS) Adelaide Metro: Trains

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Adelaide is a the capital of the state South Australia. It's the 5th most populous city in Australia. 75% of people within the state all live within the city. Like most major cities in Australia it has a public transport network overseen by the government with the brand name Adelaide metro.

Buses are operated by 3 private operators:
Light-City Buses.


Torrens Transit.


Trains and the tram are operated by the government's Department of Planning, Transport & Infrastructure.

Ticketing is multimodal with ether the usage of a MetroCard(a smartcard) or a MetroTicket.



In this bit we will be looking at the train and trams.


The train network is composed of 6 broad guage lines all leaving from Adelaide Station in the North end of the CBD. These are:
Belair Line a 22km line up the Adelaide hills

Gawler Central Line a 42.2km line to the North

Outer Harbor Line a 21.9km line along the coast to the North West

Grange Line a 6km branch line off the Outer Harbor Line at Woodville.

Seaford Line a 35km line south.

Tonsley Line a 4km branch line off the Seaford Line at Woodlands Park.


Train services operate around every 10-20 minutes in peak. Every Half an hour in off peak. And every hour at Night.

The Belair line operates around every hour on Weekends.

The Tonsley Line only operates Monday to Friday during the day.


Adelaide until recently operated the only network with a fleet of diesel railcars. In 2013 the Seaford/Tonsley Lines were closed to rebuild the line and electrify the line. Electric train services commenced in 2014. At the same time the line was extended from Noarlunga Centre to Seaford.

Other lines were set to follow but the Federal government withdrew funding. The next stage of the electrification will be the Gawler Central line to Salisbury.


Also around Adelaide is the standard guage ARTC lines from Melbourne and from Perth/Sydney.



The current fleet of trains is made up of:

30 double ended 3000 class DEMU railcars

40 single ended 3100 class DEMU railcars

Both built by Comeng and Clyde Engineering.

22 3 car 4000 class A-City EMU built by Bombardier Dandenong.

Recently retired was the 2000/2100 class railcars nicknamed for obvious reasons the Jumbos:

Seen here in Original condition back in the 80's. They were designs based around the Amfleet, Budd SPV-200 and Metroliner.

Other retired trains include the Redhens and a rebilt unit with a simular cab as the jumbos which was given the nickname "Superchook"



Here we see a fairly standard signal on the system. Permissive signal 1834. Signals come in two types. Permissive signals(indicated by a P in a white circle to the side of the mast)

Absloute signals(indicated by a A in a white square in the middle of the mast)

Signalling is based around the british 3 aspect system. What is unique is the ETMS level 1 bailse. These are fitted to the Seaford/Tonsley and Belair lines only.

Of note is the guage convertible sleepers used on the rebuild of the line. The eventual idea is that the trains will be standard guage.


Used on all lines is the british AWS magnets.


Here's a fairly standard railway station on the network, Marino station on the Seaford line. Here we can see the 25kv overhead and the stopping point for trains. While the platform can hold 6 cars very few trains run as 6.

In this case on the Seaford line the mirror is located at the 3 car point.


Every railway station except Adelaide has one of these somewhere. The next train info. These play the next train in each direction and automatically play an announcement when a train is arriving. These replaced the old

annunciators which were nicknamed "Cliff"



At Adelaide station 4000 class A-City train 4021 has just arrived on platform 1 with a train from Seaford.

The A-City trains are based off the VLocity trains in Victoria. They don't follow the numbering convention of the diesel fleet with each 3 car set being numbered 40xxA-40xxT-40xxB Maintenance of these trains are done at a depot near Seaford or they get pulled to dry creek depot by one of the railcars.



Arriving at Bowden is 3100 class members 3125-3126 with a Grange train. This is one of the Clyde built units. These were based around a Comeng EMU body. Each car has One Twin turbo-charged Mercedes Benz V12 354 kW (475 hp) direct injection underfloor engine + 400 kVA alternator powering one bogie at the drivers cab end. Of note these feature magnetic track brakes.

These recived  a refurbishment in 2010. Which replaced the interior, added PIDS and replaced the hand operated doors with push buttons.


Departing Bowden towards Adelaide is a 3 car train made up of 3100 class members 3102-3101 and 3000 class member 3003.


At Torrens Junction is 3125-3126 with a Grange train. It might seem a little odd seeing at one of the passenger windows but in reality the driver can see over the shoulder and can see it clearly. They also use CCTV cameras mounted at the car ends.


Heading to Adelaide is 3135-3136.


Heading out to Outer Harbor is 3109-3110.


While not strictly Adelaide Metro here is The Ghan lead by NR74 and NR75. The Ghan is 2,979km train trip from Darwin to Adelaide and vice versa. Here it's ending it's two day journey through the red centre crossing over the Outer Harbor line to get to Adelaide Parklands Terminal.

This particular trip had some 25-30 carriages on it. Some good 700m to 1km of train.


While The Ghan slowly turns the corner 3119-2120 pass by the massive consist.


And finally there's the end of The Ghan with the MotoRail on the back.


Heading out to Gawler Central is the unusual combo of a 3100 and a 3000 class. 3124 leads 3011. While you might think the 3100s were a semi perminant coupled 2 car set they actually have Scharfenberg Multi function coupler at each end. Meaning separating a 2 car set is simple. Presumably maintenance reasons are why a single and double ended railcar are together. The redhens used to do the same.


Platform 8 at Adelaide Station sees 3010-3012 with the 12:48 to Gawler Central.


42.4km down the line the same train at Gawler Central. After Gawler the line becomes single track.


At Gawler Station 3103-3104 depart for Gawler Central.


A-City train 4021 depart Marino for Seaford.


The following morning sees 4003 doing the same.


Inside the concourse of Adelaide station.


At Adelaide Showground station sees a 3000 class railcar pair up with 3117 with a Belair train. The single track on the Belair line starts relatively close to the city. It used to be two tracks but in the 1990's one line was guage converted to standard guage.


A-CIty trains 4021 and 4022 at Adelaide station. 4022 is about to begin a service to Seaford.


4022 at Seaford Station


4004 and 4022 await thier next services at Adelaide Station.


3112 and another 3100 class railcar parked up at Adelaide station.


3109-3110 await to depart for Outer Harbor


The same train at Port Adelaide station.


3135-3136 depart Port Adelaide with an Adelaide bound train


3016 with another 3000 class at Outer Harbor. The last few stops of the line are on single track. Outer Harbor used to be a big loop but half the loop has now been torn up.


4003 departs Marino with a Seaford train


And now we come to Tonsley. Trains only come here between 0700 and 1900 weekdays. The line itself is mostly single track. Not exactly a lot of people use the line which makes the shiny new 3 car train a bit of overkill.

Of note is the usage of steel sleepers.


4005 at Tonsley.


3121-3122 with an Adelaide bound train at Goodwood. While the Belair track has overhead wires they end a short while after Goodwood. The Belair line won't be getting electric trains anytime soon due to the tunnel clearances. When the rest of the network is electrified 12 3000/3100 trains will be kept as DEMUs. The rest will be made into proper EMUs.


4007 stops at Goodwood with an Adelaide bound train.


3131-3132 at Belair station.


On board 3132 at Belair showing off the refurbished state of the train. A 3000 is basiclly the same just with a cab where the photo was taken.

Of note is the yellow Metrocard/Metroticket validators each doorway.  Adelaide is quite different to every other city in Australia in that tickets on trains are bought on TVMs on the train not on platforms. The only place on the system off train purchases can be made is at Adelaide station. You can also recharge a metrocard on the train TVMs. They accept card or coin payment only.


One of the great features of the 3000/3100 class trains is a window looking out front of the train. That same tinted window is what the driver uses see the offside mirror. The two seats in the outer part of the cab are open to the public when the cab is located mid consist of a train. The door can be shut to block off the actual cab of the train.


3131-3132 at Adelaide.


4019 departs Marino for Adelaide.

Edited by Pakenhamtrain
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